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Toula: the humble village, setting new horizons in new times


All the dates are AD (Anno Domini, ‘in the year of Our Lord’), unless specified as BC (Before Christ).  The sources of the information in the various sections are cited, but additional information has been included by the author of the website, which is derived from his own knowledge or general knowledge of members of the village or of the culture and history of Lebanon.


The following works were used as sources for the website:

Arab Tribes Dictionary

Barakat, H.F., Al-Bouhiret's History (Kahf Al Malloul-Basloukit-Karm Al Meher-Toula-Imar-Aslout) (Bhiret Towla*, 2008).

Charbel, toula-lebanon.blogspot.com/2006/11/making-arak.html (2006).

Cross, F.L., and Livingstone, E.A. (eds), The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3rd edition revised), (Oxford, 1995).

Farah, M., Lebanese Poetry (organised and collected by Nassif Mageed el Shmor and Mohsen Edmon Yammine) (edited by Dr Antonios Boutros) First Edition (place of publication*, Lebanon Print, 1994).

Gibran, K., The Prophet (1923).

Gibran, K., Sand and Foam (1926).

Ghosn, M., Young Australian Maronites: their Response to Australia, Church and Spirituality (Sydney*, 2009).

JD Productions Studio, Relics Visit to Australia 2005 (DVD Video) (Harris Park, NSW, 2005).

Marounia: Magazine of the Maronite Eparchy of Australia (Sydney, Maronite Heritage Centre, 200*).

Author *, Toula Village (*, 200*).

Washington Report on Middle East Affairs: on General George Joulwan’s visit to Toula.

*, The Story of Saint Assia the Doctor with a few prayers read specifically during the time of sickness (Toula, 1973).

Whitnall, A., Kahlil Gibran: The Prophet, The Artist, The Man (a free exhibition presented at the State Library of NSW) (Sydney, 2010).

Zgharta-Zawie Online Magazine, caza-zgharta.com (2003).

www.arasale.com/secure/missleb.html, for Miss Lebanon 2003.

www.carlosslim.com/biografia_ing.html, for Carlos Slim Helu.

S. Thompson, Statement of Significance: Redfern Maronite Heritage Centre Collection c.1880 – 1930s, Objects through Time: www.migrationheritage.nsw.gov.au/exhibition/objectsthroughtime/maronites/ (Sydney, Migration Heritage Centre NSW, May 2007).

Lebanese Migration to Australia: an Immigration Discovery Centre Reference Sheet: museumvictoria.com.au/discoverycentre/infosheets/lebanese-migration-to-australia/ (Melbourne, Museum Victoria, 2009).

History of immigration from Lebanon: museumvictoria.com.au/origins/history.aspx?pid=37 (Melbourne, Museum Victoria, *).

Archives In Brief 62 – Lebanese migration and settlement in NSW: www.records.nsw.gov.au/state-archives/guides-and-finding-aids/archives-in-brief/archives-in-brief-62 (Sydney, State of New South Wales through the State Records Authority, 2003).

www.aslout.com (2005-9)

Maronite Eparchy of Australia, www.maronite.org.au/heritage.aspx: Maronite Heritage Centre: this is not online.